- Implications for Rehabilitation
- One session radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) is safe and effective in improving post stroke plantarflexor spasticity, ankle active and passive range of motion, passive torque, and walking capability.
- The spasticity scores improved for both the gastrocnemius and the soleus muscles and persisted one hour after rESWT.
- The magnitude of resistive plantarflexor passive torque in the knee extended position and high velocity was larger over time suggesting greater gastrocnemius spasticity than soleus.
- The rESWT had no significant effects on alpha motorneuron excitability.
- •In familiar settings, feedforward visual control is similar in young/older adults.
- •Older adults exhibit increased dependence on vision for postural stability.
- •LTC and TTC are correlated when crossing obstacles ≤ 10 cm high regardless of age.